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State of Pennsylvania
Capital of Pennsylvania State:
Date of Statehood:
December 12, 1787
Pennsylvania State Population:
12,429,616 (US Census 2005 estimate)
Pennsylvania has over nine million agricultural acres that produce a wide variety of crops. Its farms are the backbone of the state's economy. Leading products are milk, poultry, and eggs, a variety of fruits, sweet corn, potatoes, mushrooms, cheese, beans, hay, maple syrup, and even Christmas trees.
Pennsylvania's industry has diversified, though the state still leads the country in the production of specialty steel. Pennsylvania is a leader in the production of chemicals, food, and electrical machinery and produces 10% of the nation's cement. Also important are brick and tiles, glass, limestone, and slate.
Pennsylvania State Nickname:
The Keystone State
Pennsylvania State Motto:
Virtue, liberty and independence.
Pennsylvania State Flower:
Mountain Laurel (Kalmia latifolia)
(Legislation of 1933)
Pennsylvania State Tree:
Hemlock (Legislation of 1931)
Pennsylvania State Bird:
Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus)
(Legislation of 1931)
Pennsylvania State Fish:
Brook Trout (Legislation of 1970)
Pennsylvania State Insect:
Firefly (Legislation of 1931)
Pennsylvania State Gemstone:
None (Legislation Pending)
Official State Seal:
Official State Flag:
State Commemorative Quarter:
From the 1999-2008 United States Mint 50 State Quarters® Program
Pennsylvania State Postage Stamp:
From the 2002 United States Postal Service Greetings from America series.
Enlarge Postage Stamp
Pennsylvania State License Plate:
Photo under license from collector Jim Moini ©2011.
Enlarge License Plate
Pennsylvania State Government Information
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