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State of Minnesota
Minnesota State Bird
Name: Common Loon
Binomial Name: Gavia immer
Adopted: Legislation of 1961
The Common Loon (Gavia immer) or Great Northern Diver, is a large member of the loon family with adults averaging 28–36 inches in length and a 48-58 inch wingspan.
Breeding adults of the species have a black head, white underparts and a checkered black-and-white mantle. Plumage for the non-breeding season is much drabber, with a white chin and fore neck. The bill is grey or whitish and held horizontally (Bill color and angle distinguish this species from the similar White-billed Diver.).
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